Scientific knowledge base
Depth of knowledge in chosen subject area
Breadth of knowledge in general field, adjacent fields, scientific literacy
Approach-specific knowledge base
Laboratory, field, theoretical/modeling approaches
Setting up a problem
Back of the envelope calculations
More advanced computing—linear algebra/differential equations
Receptive communication skills
Listening to seminars
Active communication skills
Dynamic communication skills
Working in pairs and/or groups
“fuzzy” skillsCreativity: coming up with new approaches
Curiosity: asking scientific questions
Sense of scale of problem: How much detail is necessary?
Productivity: Getting things off the desk, though not necessarily perfect
Clichéd but useful:
“Eighty percent of success is showing up” -Woody Allen
“Don’t boil the ocean”
Science is (or should be) about play: playing with ideas, numbers, pictures, puzzles.
A good science course should introduce students to scientific puzzling—so that scientists can ultimately figure out their own puzzles and solve them.